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Speaker Rattle or Buzz

If it is a plasma TV, and you hear a constant buzzing sound coming from it when it is turned on, the problem will either be a bad circuit board or a defective plasma display panel. In that case the best thing to do would be to have a service technician repair the television.

If you are hearing a rattle or a buzz that comes and goes with the audio from the speakers, the problem will be either acoustic or electronic.

Acoustic Problems

If the noise occurs with either certain tones in the audio or along with a majority of the soundtrack, it could be one of these things:

  1. An external resonance - the vibration of an object near the TV
  2. An internal resonance - the vibration of something inside the TV
  3. The speakers themselves, or
  4. A faulty main (signal) board

External resonance

Look for any nearby objects or trinkets that could vibrate with certain sounds. If the TV is located inside of a large cabinet or an entertainment center, listen carefully to see if the noise is coming from something around the cabinet such as a vase, curio, or picture frame. Try removing anything of this nature from the vicinity of the TV and see if the noise goes away.

Internal resonance

If you know that the noise is coming from inside the TV's own cabinet, and the TV is still under warranty, have a service technician come out and fix it.

If the TV is out of warranty, get some friction tape and some electrical tape. Remove the back cover. You can read How Do I Get To the Circuit Boards in a TV? to learn how to remove the back cover. With the back cover removed, apply friction tape along the lip of the bezel (frame) where it meets the back cover, and anywhere else that might cause the back cover to rattle against the panel superstructure. Then, secure any loose wires or cable bundles that are dressed along the inside of the cabinet by taping them against the cabinet with electrical tape.

Blown speaker

You can tell if a speaker is blown if the sound coming from it is fuzzy at any volume level, or if it makes loud popping noises at high volumes. Blown speakers can only be replaced

Speakers are a common thing to replace in flat screen TVs because they are so easily blown. They can be easily damaged by excessively loud, “boomy” music. The good news is they are not very expensive.

To avoid blowing the speakers in your TV, keep the bass and treble controls near mid position, and don’t crank-up the volume beyond the level of a normal conversation.

Test signals

One way of testing speakers is by using a test signal. Go to, and download the Audio Vibration Sweep test pattern, one of many video test signals available on this web site. This test signal produces an audio tone that sweeps across a low-frequency range. The tone can be used to check for acoustic vibration.

Play the vibration test signal with the volume set to a low setting and then listen for a buzz in the speakers. If the buzz only occurs at particular places along the sweep (resonant frequencies), the problem is most likely something other than the speakers, as previously discussed. If the buzz is heard across a wide portion of the sweep, then the speakers are bad. If the buzz is heard over the entire sweep, or if it sounds like there is a scratchy distortion or a rushing noise mixed with the tone, then the problem is electronic and the main board would need to be replaced.

Why Is The Sound Quality from the TV So Poor?

In order for TV manufacturers to make their TVs as flat as possible (and to make money), they have to make compromises. One of the biggest tradeoffs for having a thin cabinet design involves the speakers. The early flat screen TVs contained nice, oval speakers facing the front. Many of today’s flat screen TVs have speakers located at the bottom of the cabinet facing down. The speakers are 1½-by-½ inches (3.5-by-3.5 cm), mounted in skinny 5-inch (13-cm) long plastic enclosures. In the more recent ultra-thin LED TVs you will find 1-by-½ inch (3-by-7 cm) speakers mounted in 6-inch (15-cm) square enclosures that are about as thick as a pancake. These speakers project the sound from the back or bottom of the TV. Needless to say the sound quality that comes from these kinds of speakers is no match to what a larger speaker system can provide. This is why many people connect a sound bar speaker system, or an A-V receiver and sound system to their TV.

Electronic Problems

If the noise is coming from one or both speakers, and is constant, and seems to have no coorelation with the audio, then the cause is most likely electronic. Here is how you can find out if the problem is with the TV:

  • Try listening to more than one source, i.e. a DVD, video game, or off-air TV. If you hear the problem from only one device, then the cause is probably that device. As a workaround, try connecting whatever that device is to the TV another way (via HDMI, component video, or composite video are three possible ways) and see if the problem goes away.
  • If the TV is connected to an A-V receiver, disconnect or mute it and turn-up or enable the volume on your TV speakers. If you don't hear the problem that way, then your A-V receiver or speakers are at fault.
  • If the problem occurs with every input device or signal source, then all fingers point to the TV.

If there is an echo in the sound, try performing a software update on the TV.

If the problem is in the TV, then you will need to replace the main (or signal) circuit board. Go to Replacing Circuit Boards and How to Order TV Parts for details about how to do this.

One way to work-around the problem might be to connect another audio output device to the TV. Most TVs have either optical or analog audio output jacks. Try connecting one of these outputs to another device such as an A-V receiver or sound bar, and see if you can still hear the problem.

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